How Do Iron and Amino Acids correlate in Plants?
October 10, 2020
A major limiting factor on crop yields is imbalanced nutrient availability, especially iron. There are many essential elements that plants use, and it is important for each of those elements to be balanced. An element that is short in supply will determine the effectiveness of all the elements as a whole and in result lead to unbalanced nutrients within the plant negatively affecting the overall health and growth of the plant. In fact, a shortage of just one element within the plant can hinder an entire crop.
When those elements are present in the soil, the micronutrients can unintentionally interact with other chemicals within the soil, which impacts their absorption and may decrease the availability of nutrients within the plants. There is one way to overcome this obstacle that many growers face when caring for their plants, which is foliar application of nutrients. Plants absorb more effectively through the leaf surface, so foliar applying liquid amino acids deliver a high degree of efficiency. Foliar application of amino acids is substantially healthier for the plant because there is much less interference from other unwanted chemicals that occurs often when applying nutrients through the soil. Poorly aerated and compacted soils also have a higher chance of iron deficiencies. Due to the extremely high effectiveness of the foliar application of amino acids, only a small quantity of nutrients received through foliar application can accomplish the same effect in the plant as a much greater amount received through the soil. Foliar-applied plant nutrients are much more sustainable than other typical soil applications. They also deliver very successful results because plant nutrients are able to be absorbed rapidly, as amino acids are sources of water-soluble organic nitrogen.
The nutrients can be delivered through organic complexes, such as amino acids. Four important amino acids in plants include Glycine, Lysine, Aspartic Acid, and Proline. Glycine aids in photosynthesis and is a precursor of chlorophyll with high complexing power. Lysine is an important plant nitrogen reserve and aids in chlorophyll activation, stomata regulation and pollen development. Aspartic Acid is a nitrogen source that is essential for the synthesis of other amino acids and plays an important role throughout the early plant growth stages. Proline is associated with resistance to fungal infection and is essential for overcoming drought, temperature extremes, and salinity. These amino acids all play an important role as they form complexing agents.
A complex consists of complexing agents that can form bonds with minerals. These complexing agents are usually used to protect micronutrients from unwanted chemical reactions in the environment, particularly in the soil, before getting to the plant. Amino acids make highly effective and beneficial complexing agents. As stated previously, these complexing agents need to form bonds with minerals. Iron, a micronutrient, is one of the commonly complexed minerals used. Out of all the micronutrients, iron is needed the most. Iron is a component of several enzymes and some pigments, and helps in decreasing nitrate and sulfate, and assists in increasing the energy production within a plant. Iron is essential for the formation of chlorophyll, the green pigment in leaves; however, it is not used in the synthesis of chlorophyll. This is one of the major reasons why chlorosis (leaves are yellow with green veins) in the new leaves often occurs in plants with an iron deficiency. Chlorosis may occur when plants are undesirably taking up unwanted chemicals along with nutrients in the soil and not receiving an adequate amount of iron due to that common interference.
The best solution to bypass iron deficiency in plants is the foliar application of complexing agents. These organic complexing agents allow amino acids to deliver micronutrients, such as iron, in a highly bioavailable form that is suitable for organic farming. The application of foliar-applied minerals complexed with amino acids allow plants to rapidly absorb them through the leaf surface. These molecules travel through the leaf barrier with minimal interference and remain intact throughout the entire process. From that point, they may be absorbed and used by the leaf cells or travel on to the phloem (the vascular system used by plants for transportation), typically to new leaves, flowers, and other parts of the plants. Opulent Blends utilizes this information to your advantage as we have created premium plant nutritionals with amino acid complexes to be foliar-applied for the delivery of micronutrients that is suitable for organic farming. Some of our premium plant nutritional products include our Opulent Aminos and Opulent Iron.
Below is a picture of how beneficial Opulent Iron can be after just 3 applications.